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Chernobyl

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That ended the Game of Thrones and replaced this series came Chernobyl, no less feverish and no less intriguing...

They all look American "Chernobyl". And what on this subject to read? Record Legasov, the memories of liquidators and podcast the writers of the series. 

About the show
Why take off
Every week, the project's writer Craig Mazin tells the podcast The Chernobyl Podcast about how the new episode was created. There were already three issues, Mazin explained that he became interested in this story when he realized that no one knows why the accident occurred. In addition, he talks a lot about the shooting and the search for an authentic entourage ("This is a sign of respect for the participants of the events"), and also about the psychology of the Soviet man, which constantly surprises him ("are They really just got on the bus and left? No one became indignant and call the lawyers?").

How to make
"Chernobyl" is praised not only for the script, but also for the accurate depiction of realities. Viewers familiar with the Soviet way of life and aesthetics, note that the artists-Directors managed to accurately reproduce almost everything: clothing, furnishings, details. Filmed in Lithuania (in particular, at Ignalina NPP) and in Ukraine, in the role of consultants were Ukrainian immigrants. Art Director Luke Hall and artist costume designer Odile Dicks-Miri told the publication Buro, as was the work to show: focused on the photos and the video on YouTube, clothes and furniture were looking for in the markets.

What the West says
Time magazine writes in its review that Chernobyl is a warning about what will happen if you do not listen to science (as in the case of the climate crisis, for example). The Los Angeles Times calls Chernobyl a story of the best and worst in the USSR: selfless citizens willing to give their lives for their compatriots, and a government paralyzed by its own secrecy. New York Times criticizes "Chernobyl" for Hollywood pathetic (Legasov makes a speech in the spirit of "to Kill a Mockingbird," volunteer divers speak with the pathos of the Spartans, and Shcherbina, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, responsible for energy, does not know how to work a nuclear reactor), The Guardian scolds for the plot chaos.

About the real accident
Memories of the residents of Pripyat
Detailed memories of citizens are described in the book of Svetlana Alexievich "Chernobyl prayer". Their largely quotes krovi: made there is taken line with a firefighter Vasily Ignatenko and his wife Ludmila (the head of the "a Solitary human voice"). Probably, there the creators took a line with neighbors Lyudmila, who looked at the blown up station from the bridge: "Still before my eyes — a bright crimson glow, the reactor somehow glowed from the inside. Incredible color. It was not an ordinary fire, but some kind of glow. It's beautiful. [...]In the evening, people gathered on the balconies, one was, — went to friends and acquaintances. We have the ninth floor, perfect visibility. In a straight line about three kilometers. Took the children, lifted her into his arms, "Look! Remember!"" In the same book it is written about birds falling from the sky: "I Went in a taxi, the driver was perplexed why birds as blind, fall on glasses, break. Like crazy... Sleepy... Something like suicide." 

The Personality Of Legasov
Valery Legasov had never been a man who single-handedly saved the entire planet. As the chemist Ivan Sorokin writes, "he was not a hero who covered the embrasure with his own body and wished to save the people. It so happened that he was in that place in the food chain of Soviet science, when a person is important enough to speak to the government as a leading expert, but not important enough to be able to avoid these not the most pleasant conversations.

Shortly before the suicide of Legasov's really a tape-recorded their monologues describing their role in the elimination of the disaster and reflections on its causes — here are their transcripts, and replica from the beginning of the first series ("What price a lie? Not that we confuse it with the truth — but if we listen to the lie long enough, we will cease to know the truth at all") there is no. By the way, Legasov's daughter in an interview with "Moskovsky Komsomolets" reminds that along with real records on the Internet goes a lot of fakes.

In General, the biography of a real Legasov is somewhat different from the biography of the scientist from the TV series. He had a family that did not appear in the series, he learned about the accident not from a night call, but from a report on the party farm, and he was not an expert on reactors — he was engaged in physical chemistry (which did not prevent him from becoming the chief expert on the accident and make a report to the IAEA in Vienna). The situation at the station Legasov shocked: "At the station — such unpreparedness, such carelessness, such fright. Like the forty-first year, but even worse. With the same Brest, with the same courage, with the same desperation, with the same unwillingness…»

Fragment of the documentary "Warning", where academician Legasov talks about the idea of feedback mechanisms. Directed by Lev Nikolaev, 1987

 

Version Dyatlov
Deputy chief engineer for the operation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Anatoly Dyatlov is considered one of the culprits of the accident — despite the enormous exposure to 390 REM and radiation sickness, he was sentenced to 10 years in a colony of General regime. Four years later, after numerous letters in his defense, including from Andrei Sakharov, Dyatlov was released for health reasons. In 1995, at the age of 65, he died of a heart attack. Woodpeckers never pleaded guilty and before his death, insisted that the accident happened because of the "completely unsatisfactory characteristics of the reactor that was not yet clear." He describes his version of events in the book "Chernobyl. As it was»

Memories of divers
Divers Alexey Ananenko, Valery Bespalov and Boris Baranov became world-famous heroes — they are said to have saved Europe from destruction by diving into radioactive water to open the valves of the water tank. He Ananenko describes the operation is much more modest. Divers were not volunteers, as shown in the series: Ananenko himself just on duty that day, so it was sent to the operation. The group did run the risk of exposure to radioactive water — the basement where the pool valves were located could be flooded, but there was little water: "the Operation was quick and without complications. We reached the "two zeros of the first" corridor, BA Baranov remained at the entrance, VA Bespalov And I entered the water — the water level was knee-deep. On the floor was laid pipe is quite large diameter, once ran to her, began to move on it. The water level was at the level of the ankles. [...] The last fear — that there are no flywheels on the latches or they are jammed in the closed position — also did not come true. Opened relatively easily, the gas key is not needed". He also notes that after this operation, he participated in several more comparable in terms of radiation exposure.

And the fact that the exploits of the divers was the Chernobyl legend, Ananenko explains the "too loose" setting out journalists and "colossal significance" of the operation — steam explosion from contact of water with nuclear fuel were afraid too much.

Memories of the miners
In the liquidation of the Chernobyl accident was attended by 2500 residents of the Tula region, most of them miners, which became part of the group "Mosbass". Of these, 1,700 people received a disability, this is the largest percentage of disability in the regions among the liquidators. ""How the steel was tempered" — flowers in comparison with how the miners worked there. Each change sinkers on 90 cars, and the change lasted for some three hours. There was an absolute record, which belongs to the mountain master Anatoly Kamaev from Aleksin. He loaded 96 trolleys. It is incredible how a person can mobilize his resources in critical situations. On each trolley was gone for 3 minutes. Imagine the process: first half a ton is loaded, then the trolley is transported forward to 150 meters, unloaded, the same goes back. Miners worked non-stop", — the Chairman of the Tula regional public organization "Chernobyl Union" Vladimir Naumov who worked at elimination as the mechanic remembers.

In 1999, 200 Tula miners went on hunger strike, demanding the resignation of the Minister of labor Sergei Kalashnikov, in which the miners cut benefits. Then the Chairman of regional city Association "Tula-Chernobyl" Vladimir Pavlov spoke: "to Us already all the same, now to die of starvation or then". In 2000, in protest against the new system of accrual of benefits, they laid down their orders for participation in the elimination of the accident near the monument to Marshal Zhukov on red square. After the bill was adopted with gentle amendments.

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